Wedding Customs in the West

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A wedding is celebrated with some kind of ceremony almost everywhere in the world. The ceremony vary greatly among different nations and different religions. But whatever the form of a marriage ceremony, it serves the important purpose of announcing to the community that a man and a woman have been joined in marriage.

The wedding ceremony in the west may be a religious one performed by a clergyman, or a civil ceremony performed by a civil official, such as a mayor or a judge, or only a couple’s declaration before witnesses of their intention to marry. Some young people nowadays choose their own marriage ceremony.

Many of the customs associated with wedding ceremonies developed from wedding customs of earliest times and come from many lands. The wearing of a bridal veil may have come from a superstition dating back to early Greek and Roman times. The veil is also believed to have been worn as an indication of the bride’s innocence and purity.

The wedding ring is the most widely used symbol of marriage today, as it has been for centuries. The word “wedding” comes from the old English word wed, which means “promise.” During Anglo-Saxon times a promise to marry was made certain when the bridegroom-to-be gave his sweetheart a ring. The ring, a circle with no beginning or end, was considered a symbol of eternity. The fourth finger of the left hand was chosen as the ring finger because of mistaken beliefs that a vein or nerve runs from that finger to the heart.

In most Western countries the bride was attended by maid of honor, and groom by best man. The best man and the groomsmen have been explained as a survival of the ancient practice of wife capture, in which the bridegroom’s friends helped him in his struggle to carry off a wife. The bride’s attendants were supposed to protect her from being captured.

The honeymoon, or holiday spent by the couple after marriage, may have had its beginnings in the idea that the first month of marriage is the sweetest. It is also believed that it was an ancient custom for a newly married couple to drink a liquid mixture containing honey on each of the first 30 days of the marriage.

Good Luck to the Bride and Groom. Many ancient practices that were supposed to prevent bad luck and bring blessings to the bridal pair have come down through the years. In many Western countries people shower the bridal pair with confetti to express the hope that the couple will be blessed with children. Tin cans or old shoes are sometimes tied to the automobile that carries the bride and groom away. This practice may have come out of the ancient belief that loud noises frighten bad spirits away. To assure good luck, brides often heed the old saying and wear for the wedding “something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue.” The bride’s good fortune in getting a husband may be handed on to the unmarried girl who catches the bride’s bouquet after the marriage. According to an old belief the groom carries his bride over the threshold of their new home to protect her from being caught by any mischievous spirits hiding nearby.

Legal Procedures. Every state and nation has its own laws and requirements governing marriage. There may be regulations concerning the ages at which a couple may marry, the procedures for a license to marry, the recording of the marriage, or the type of ceremony. The minimum age at which a couple may marry may vary in different countries, but it is true to many Western countries that young people may marry at a younger age with parental consent.

A marriage license is required in many Western countries. Most countries require a medical examination and blood test before the license is issued.

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Some Top Weight Loss Tips For You

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Top Weight Loss Tips

The first thing you must do as you look to lose weight is get out a notebook and write out what your goal is. Do you want to lose ten pounds, thirty pounds, or even more? And how long should you give yourself to meet your goal? Writing down a clear and concise weight loss goal on paper can be a source of motivation that you can look at over and over again to keep it fresh in your mind. Stick this up on your refrigerator or bulletin board and use it as inspiration when you’re feeling lazy.

The next step is to take a look at your diet. Cut out all of the unnecessary junk foods including chips, candy, and soda. Just by cutting out soda, for example, can help you lose five pounds or more very quickly. Elimination of sugary and foods that are high in carbohydrates is key. Increase your water intake and try and drink as much as possible daily. Drinking more water will suppress your appetite and keep your body hydrated which helps with recovery and energy.

Increase your protein intake and focus on foods that are low in carbs as mentioned before. Protein helps to burn fat and increase muscle mass and will help you take advantage of the exercise that you will be doing and fuel your body properly.

The next component to a good weight loss plan is a solid exercise program that includes a mix of cardio and weight training. Typically you should do cardiovascular exercises such as running, stair climbing, elliptical machines, or other aerobic activity that will get your target heart rate in the fat burning zone and keep it there for 30 minutes or more. You want to do cardio on a regular basis at a minimum of three times per week.

For strength training with weights, you can do work out all of your major body parts at least once a week and lift moderate to heavy weight. Try and use free weights if possible, as they will work more muscles than machines. The combination of weight training and cardio exercise on a regular and consistent basis will build muscle, get your metabolism rate up, and help to get your body into fat burning mode.

How to Successfully Meet Your Weight Loss Goals

All of the weight loss tips in the world will never work if you don’t commit to losing weight over time and doing it right. Avoid diet fads and quick solutions like diet pills that may provide short term results. You need to live a healthy and active lifestyle to meet your goals.

Want to learn more and take it to the next level? Imagine having a beach body year round that others envy. To be successful and stay motivated it helps to use a proven diet program where you have a blueprint of what to eat and how to exercise.

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Make up styles and fashion About 70’s era

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Make up styles and fashion continue to evolve and change with each decade creating it’s own style of make up techniques and clothing that sets it apart from previous years. The 1970’s era was no different, perhaps being the first time that allowed women to work out for themselves what wasn’t comfortable or was.

Mini-skirts, maxi-skirts or hot pants formed part of a woman’s closet and she wore them when she wanted to. Evening wear consisted of a halter top with evening trousers or maxi-skirt. Empire line dresses were very popular in a mini-skirt style or a more traditional knee length (midi – length).

The 1970’s era was characterized by an almost anything goes approach with styles ranging from clunky to soft and feminine. It was a turbulent time during which feminists protested, with the Vietnam War and Watergate Scandal hot topics in the media together with global pollution fears. These events inspired fashion designers to design cutting edge, as well as more comforting items.

Fashion changes affected both women and men. Nike, founded in 1972, made a strong start despite the athletic craze not being big, but running shoes became essential additions to women’s and men’s closets as more people began running. Men began borrowing women’s clothing and took to wearing make up and using clear polish on their nails. Blouses, Boas, and slinky shirts became the in thing for celebrities in the music and television scenes.

Hair styles popularized by Farah Fawcett, were straight and long, parted slightly to one side with wings and needed hours with a straightening iron, curling iron, mouse, and spray. Any outdoor or athletic activity would ruin the hair style. However, Afro perms were also the in thing and needed only an air dry and a pick to fluff them.

Disco became popular and the fashion style of John Travolta in Saturday Night Fever swept the nation by storm and made it’s exit just as quickly, perhaps because skin tight pants, slinky shirts and platform shoes were so uncomfortable.

Make up was soft, fresh and natural looking and women who wanted sun tanned looks without exposure to harmful sunrays, used fake tans and bronzers. Foundation was seldom used, but when it was no powder was applied, leaving a shimmer or sheen to the skin while lipstick, blush and eye shadows were natural colors with a bit of shimmer.

Lip liner, mascara and caked on foundations did not feature while eye shadows that shimmered, muted blush, and frosted lipstick were the mainstays of a 70’s woman on the go.

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Why Should You Buy Stuff Online?

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Strangely there are still a lot of people who feel a little nervous about making purchases on the internet. In fact there are very few things that you can’t buy online these days. If you take a little look around you can almost anything; books, computers, perfume and aftershave, jewellery and watches.

Even if you aren’t a big internet user you can soon learn to shop online, shopping websites are becoming easier to use all the time as web designers give more thought to usability. Here are just four reasons why you should shop online:

Its cheaper. Online retailers tend to have lower running costs compared to traditional shops, and often you can benefit from the saving. Its much easier to compare prices online where lots of price comparison engines have forced retailers to keep their prices down. It also means you can shop around without trailing from shop to shop.

Its easier. You can do all of your shopping from the comfort of your own home. Since there is pretty much nothing that you cant buy online you can avoid shopping. Just go online, make your order and wait for your shopping to be delivered to your door. This applies to everything from an iPod to your weekly shopping!

You don’t need a car. No matter how heavy your weekly shopping, or the furniture or white goods that you purchase, you can sit back and relax in the knowledge that someone else will bring it to you. If you don’t drive a trip to the supermarket can be a real chore, carrying lots of heavy bags home.

It doesn’t matter where you are. If you live in a small town the choice of shops you have is often much smaller than if you lived in a city. That gives you the choice of travelling to the nearest big shopping area, or just putting up with limited choice. You don’t need to do that if you are shopping online though, it doesn’t matter where you live; you have more choice online than on the high street. This is true of specialist shops too, even if you live in a big shopping area, you may not have the niche shop that you are looking for.

No one can deny that shopping online makes our lives easier, gives us more choice and saves us money. Fear of online fraud was logical at one time; there were not that many protections in place to stop the wrong people getting your card details. That is not the case anymore; banks have spent a lot of time and money on fraud protection, as have online retailers. So what are you waiting for, try it for yourself and buy stuff online!

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Charming dress style

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You will see many women wearing maxi dresses while they are working at nice restaurants as a hostess, or maybe even on a cruise ship during a nice breezy summer evening. If you will be going to any outdoor event you will see at least more than one woman sporting this wonderful style because that is how popular it is right now.

Anyone would love the fact that they are able to stay nice and cool while at the same time looking their best, especially women, and this is why the maxi dress style has become a hit. It is in fact a very positive thing that most women prefer this style over wanting to wear any kind of dress that is skimpy and short. Women want to be respected while at the same time still looking classy and feeling confident wearing their clothing.

One note to take on the maxi dress style is that most of them are low cut, or halter style, and if you plan on wearing one to work, or church, anywhere, in order to stay very classy, you will want to wear a tank top underneath or a cardigan sweater to cover up skin that would make you look too sexy; remember staying classy is the key for you to gain more respect from others. The way you dress tells a lot about your personality. This is where some women may get this mixed up and think that by dressing sexy will get them more respectful attention, which it wont!

Another positive factor about the maxi dresses is that if you are someone that is real fair skinned and you dont tan so well, which means you probably get sun burned, then wearing a maxi dress would be to your advantage. Because they are long and cover your legs then they would be a great benefit in helping you to keep from getting sunburned. The only thing that you will really have to worry about is your arms since most maxi dresses come without longer sleeves. There are those though that have sheer long sleeves, which will help to keep you staying cool and reduce sunburn.

If you buy a sleeveless maxi dress then you could always wear a shawl or a thin sheer sweater to protect your arms; nothing too thick because then you would not be so comfortable.

Blowers and Positive Pressure Fans

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The theory of positive pressure ventilation is based on the principal of even pressure distribution. Once a structure is pressurized, air and smoke can be forced out through any opening (similar to escaping from an inflated baloon).
Buffalo Blower Co. makes low Profile Positive Pressure Ventilators that have been designed to fit in tight compartments ans small spaces without scarificing performance or features. These compact ventilation blowers are available is both gasoline driven conviguration and with 115/230V single phase electric motor.
Electric smoke ejectors (negative pressure ventilation) can be used for smoke removal but this has proven to be inferior to positive pressure ventilation.
What makes Positive Pressure Ventilation superior to negative pressure ?
* The risk of injury from the engaged structure is reduced while placing the fan in operation.
* Positive pressure ventilation is faster to set up and requires fewer personnel.
* The Positive Pressure Blower has a self contained power source, while electric fans require cords and adaptors.
* Smoke and heat is removed from all levels of the structure unlike negative pressure which can result in localized extraction.
* Quicker results. After initial knockdown, positive pressure ventilation can be initiated and will show immediate improvements in the interior conditions.
* It allows replacement of contaminants with vital cooler, cleaner air – especially in sealed or windowless buildings. It’s also very effective in large and compartmentalized buildings, warehouses, schools, etc.
* Quick results allow firefighters faster entry due to lower heat levels and improved visibility.
The following criteria should be considered for effective use of Positive Ventilation:
– The cone of air must cover the intake opening. The fan must be placed the correct distance from the structure such as that the cone of air forms a seal around the opening.
– The size and location of the discharge is important. The discharge, if at all possible should be as high and far away from the intake as is practical. The discharge size should be between 3/4 to 1/2 times the intake. This may not always be possible as the fire may have already dictated discharge locations and sizes; but whenever there is a choice, the above criteria should be used.
– It is important to control the ait flow between the intake and discharge. Positive pressure ventilation can move air long distances if proper control is maintained by opening and closing doors, windows, etc. It is important that firefighters understand not to open the structure too much: ie breaking windows, etc.
The standard features of Buffalo Blower Co. Positive Pressure Ventilators include: fold down "T" handle; 8" pneumatic tires with full width axle; a "tilt and lock" device that allows the unit to be angled 20 degrees up or down with infinite positions in between; sturdy and light 1 inch wrap around frame. Explosion proof electric motors are available as drivers too.
The optimum ventilator placement distance on most 6’6" doors is about five to six feet away. If placement is too close, the seal won’t be achieved. If placement is too far away, the cone of air will be hitting well outside the opening.

Bamboo Fiber Disposable Plates – The Eco Friendly Choice

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We have received this planet to live on for our lifetime with the responsibility, that when we leave it for the future generations, it should be as livable if not more for the future generations. If we do not do that, we are stealing from our own children and the children of our children. However in the rush and push of modern life such concerns can easily take back stage even at though at heart we want to be good and do not want to do lasting harm to the environment.

At such a time it is a very welcome surprise to know of a product that not only makes our lives more comfortable and tasks more convenient, but is also great for the environment. Bamboo fiber disposable plates are one such product. Bamboo fiber is an abundantly available resource and which is also renewable. Its cultivation brings employment and prosperity to some of the more impoverished people in the world. And when bamboo fiber is processed in a modern eco friendly manner you get products that have a great design, look and performance. The next time you are hosting a dinner at home you should try using disposable plates made of this material as they will quickly become the topic of the conversation as everyone will admire their looks and the fact that they are not going to harm the environment. Bamboo fiber is biodegradable and does not even require a compost pit to decompose.

And since the material is abundantly available the cost of these disposable plates is not much and they are quite affordable. Therefore you can make them a part of your life without having to cut the budget for some other product or service that you enjoy.

World over bamboo based products have made a niche for themselves as being elegant and nature friendly. The bamboo fiber disposable plates are the latest in this series of great products. You can buy them conveniently by going online. You will be delighted by the choice of designs on offer. You will be sure they give you great value for your hard earned money.

7 Ways To Lose Weight Without Dieting

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1. When you have finished your meal, say an affirmation out loud several times. Here’s some suggestions: “I’ve now finished eating till lunch/dinner/6.00 pm.” (whatever is suitable given the circumstances) or “I have eaten enough food to last me till ….” or “I’m full and do not need to eat till …” Experiment to find the format that’s right for you, and then say it with conviction several times preferably out loud at the end of the meal.
2. If you comfort eat to suppress emotions and stay cheerful, take the Bach flower remedy Agrimony. These simple, safe remedies based on flowers have been in use for over fifty years. They’re safe to take even if you’re taking medication.
3. Put your fork or your sandwich down between mouthfuls. This way you are likely to eat less and enjoy your food more – your stomach has time to register that it’s full, which it doesn’t have if you gobble your food down.
4. If you crave chocolate, try taking a zinc supplement or eating foods that are rich in zinc (e.g. seeds, leafy green vegetables and seafood). This is a magical tip for lots of people who thought they would never master their desire to eat chocolate.
5. Sit at the table to eat, but clear the table of bills, things to do, etc. It doesn’t help you to control what you eat if you’re looking at unpaid bills.
6. Drink more water – we often misinterpret the body’s thirst request as a food request. When you feel hungry, drink some water and wait a while to see if you really are hungry.
7. Use a smaller plate, so that it looks as though you have more. We eat with our eyes as well as with our mouths and stomachs. About The Author: Jane Thurnell-Read researches and writes on health & happiness: unbiased information, working with you where you are now. No faddy diets, extreme recommendations, product hype. Just simple, easy to use information and ideas that you can apply immediately in your life.

Papaya Milk

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I  bought a papaya a few days age and still stored in the refrigerator. Last night, a friend stay my house,  therefore, this morning , I cook  Papaya Milk as breakfast for her.

Ingredients: papaya , jujube, longan, brown sugar, milk
First of all,
Boiled a pot of water, put the longan and jujube.
And then, papaya,peeled and cut  into small pieces ,put them into pot.
At lastly, when the water is boiling,add two spoonfuls of brown sugar and milk, when them boiling again, the papaya milk is finished.

It is well-known that the papaya can enhance breast , So, women can eat more.

Sweet-scented Osmanthus Wine

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In western, many people feel like drinking Brandy ,XO ,Rum,Beer ,etc..

In China, more and more people begin to trend to produce fruit wine by themselves. Osmanthus, elegant and pleasant aroma, is the best natural flower fragrance materials to produce traditional cakes, candy, and wine. Of course, it can also be used to make Osmanthus moon cake, sweet-scented osmanthus duck, sweet-scented osmanthus wine, and so on traditional cuisine.


Last year, I saved some dry sweet-scented osmanthus, I would have been prepared to drink as tea, but fiend said if producing the sweet-scented osmanthus wine,tastes better. Therefore, I have a try. The taste really good.

The main Ingredients are : Osmanthus 50g, sugar 50g, pure rice wine 600g. 
It is very easy to make, mixed well above ingredients ,sealed, placed shade about 60 days.
The -scented osmanthus wine is finished.

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